AskDefine | Define sentence

Dictionary Definition

sentence

Noun

1 a string of words satisfying the grammatical rules of a language; "he always spoke in grammatical sentences"
2 (criminal law) a final judgment of guilty in a criminal case and the punishment that is imposed; "the conviction came as no surprise" [syn: conviction, judgment of conviction, condemnation] [ant: acquittal]
3 the period of time a prisoner is imprisoned; "he served a prison term of 15 months"; "his sentence was 5 to 10 years"; "he is doing time in the county jail" [syn: prison term, time] v : pronounce a sentence on (somebody) in a court of law; "He was condemned to ten years in prison" [syn: condemn, doom]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Pronunciation

  • /ˈsɛntəns/, /"sEnt@ns/
  • Hyphenation: sen·tence

Noun

  1. A grammatically complete series of words consisting of a subject and predicate, even if one or the other is implied, and typically beginning with a capital letter and ending with a full stop.
    The children were made to construct sentences consisting of nouns and verbs from the list on the chalkboard.
  2. The decision of a jury; a verdict.
    The jury returned a sentence of guilt in the first charge, but innocence in the second.
  3. An unfavorable sentence(2): a conviction.
    The prisoner was scheduled for execution as all appeals of his sentence had been denied.
  4. The punishment imposed on a person convicted of a crime.
    The judge declared a sentence of death by hanging for the infamous cattle rustler.

Translations

grammatically complete series of words consisting of a subject and predicate
  • Arabic: (júmla)
  • Armenian: նախադասություն (naχadasut῾yun)
  • Bulgarian: изречение
  • Chinese: 句子 (jùzǐ)
  • Czech: věta
  • Dutch: zin
  • Esperanto: frazo
  • Estonian: lause
  • Finnish: lause, virke
  • French: phrase
  • German: Satz
  • Hungarian: mondat
  • Indonesian: kalimat
  • Interlingua: phrase
  • Irish: abairt
  • Italian: frase
  • Japanese: (ぶん, bun)
  • Korean: 문장 (munjang)
  • Kurdish: hevok
  • Malay: ayat
  • Polish: zdanie
  • Portuguese: frase
  • Romanian: propoziţie
  • Russian: предложение, фраза
  • Slovak: veta
  • Slovene: stavek
  • Spanish: frase
  • Swedish: fras, mening
  • Telugu: వాక్యము (vaakyamu)
decision of a jury
  • Arabic:
  • Bulgarian: присъда
  • Chinese: 判刑 (pànxíng)
  • Czech: rozsudek
  • Dutch: vonnis, uitspraak
  • Estonian: kohtuotsus
  • Finnish: tuomio
  • French: jugement
  • German: Urteil
  • Hungarian: ítélet
  • Interlingua: sententia
  • Italian: condanna
  • Japanese: 判決 (はんけつ, hanketsu)
  • Korean: 판결 (pangyeol)
  • Portuguese: sentença
  • Romanian: sentinţă
  • Russian: приговор (prigovór)
  • Slovak: rozsudok
  • Spanish: sentencia
  • Swedish: dom
conviction
punishment imposed on a person convicted of a crime

Verb

  1. To declare a sentence on a convicted person.
    The judge sentenced the embezzler to ten years in prison, along with a hefty fine.

Translations

declare a sentence on a convicted person

Extensive Definition

Sentence commonly refers to a grammatical unit of language.
Sentence may also refer to:
sentence in Danish: Sætning
sentence in German: Satz
sentence in Esperanto: Frazo
sentence in Sundanese: Pindah
sentence in Swedish: Sats
sentence in Ukrainian: Речення

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

Parthian shot, acquittal, act on, action, adage, address, adjectival phrase, adjudge, adjudicate, affirmation, allegation, ana, analects, anathematize, anathematizing, answer, aphorism, apostrophe, apothegm, article, assertion, attaint, averment, award, axiom, back matter, blacklist, blame, book, bring home to, byword, catchword, censure, chapter, clause, collected sayings, comment, condemn, condemnation, consideration, construction, convict, conviction, crack, current saying, damn, damnation, death sentence, death warrant, decision, declaration, decree, deliverance, denounce, denouncement, denunciate, denunciation, determination, devote, diagnosis, dictate, dictum, distich, doom, epigram, exclamation, excommunicate, excommunication, expression, fascicle, find, find against, find for, find guilty, finding, folio, front matter, gathering, gnome, golden saying, greeting, guilty verdict, headed group, idiom, idiotism, interjection, judge, judgement, judgment, landmark decision, locution, manner of speaking, maxim, mention, moral, mot, motto, note, noun phrase, number, observation, oracle, ordain, order, page, paragraph, pass judgment, pass sentence, pass sentence on, passage, peculiar expression, penalize, penalty, period, phrasal idiom, phrase, pithy saying, position, precedent, precept, prescript, prognosis, pronounce, pronounce judgment, pronounce on, pronounce sentence, pronouncement, proscribe, proscription, proverb, proverbial saying, proverbs, punish, punishment, question, rap, reflection, remark, report, resolution, return a verdict, rule, ruling, saw, say, saying, section, sententious expression, set phrase, sheet, signature, sloka, standard phrase, statement, stock saying, subjoinder, sutra, syntactic structure, teaching, term, text, thought, turn of expression, turn of phrase, usage, utter a judgment, utterance, verb complex, verb phrase, verbalism, verdict, verdict of guilty, verse, way of speaking, wisdom, wisdom literature, wise saying, witticism, word, word-group, words of wisdom
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